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The Fiji REDD-Plus policy aligns itself with the Forest Sector goal of sustainable forest management and also with the vision in the National Forest Policy 2007, broadly stated as: ‘Sustainable wellbeing and prosperity from diversified forests’, based on ‘the need to overcome the sector’s current focus on timber production and to widen the perspective to a balanced attention to the multiple economic, ecological and social values of Fiji’s forest resources’ covering the various thematic areas of sustainable forest management.
Fiji has recognised that land resources development and management as one of the key development issues identified in the National Strategic Development Plan. The unsustainable uses of the resources due to increase in population and encroachment of marginal to steep land for agriculture and other uses have caused land degradation. This due mainly to increase deforestation, logging, intensive sloping land cultivation and livestock farming.
The formulation of the Fiji Forest Policy is an important step in the continuous development of a National Forest Programme that strives at achieving a consensus of all stakeholders on policies and implementation measures towards conservation and sustainable management of the Nation’s forest resources, aiming at maintaining multiple values for the benefit of present and future generations alike.
The Rural Land Use Policy for Fiji and its supporting documents reflect the commitment to find sustainable mechanisms of development that will create the necessary preconditions to achieve environmentally sound, socially desirable and economically appropriate forms of land use. This commitment is accompanied by an awareness that this is especially urgent due to the scarcity of land resources and the fragility of the environment.
Following the main text is a list of References and a Glossary while the Attachments include a full portion of the text from the Convention on Biodiversity which details the requirements for National Strategies and Action Plans; a list of the 32 reports which were produced during the course of the preparation of the FBSAP; summary report of the six Regional Biodiversity Workshops and the Preliminary Register of the Sites of National Significance. Also attached is a list of publication and/or studies completed or on-going related to FBSAP work.
Fiji, like most Pacific Island nations, has a local tenurial control system embedded in the cultural tradition of its indigenous people. This provides both opportunities and challenges for the implementation of integrated coastal management (ICM). In this situation, an approach that focuses on national-level activities in coastal management may not be effective.